Sunburn is a condition caused by overexposure to ultraviolet (UV) rays. This condition can cause discomfort, characterized by redness, swelling, and stinging of the skin.
Please note that in some cases, exposure to sunlight that is too strong and repeatedly can be a risk factor for skin cancer.
What is a powerful way to overcome and eliminate sunburn? Read the full details here.
Recognize the symptoms of sunburned skin
Parts of the body that are prone to sunburn include areas that are often exposed. For example, scalp, earlobe, lips, to eyes. Covered areas of the body can be sunburned.
For example, when you wear clothes that are light and loose enough to allow UV rays to enter.
Symptoms of sunburn can vary from person to person. At the Mayo Clinic, here are some of the most common signs, such as:
- Reddish skin
- Skin feels warm or hot to the touch
- Pain and itching
- Skin blisters filled with fluid
- Eyes hurt or feel gritty
- Headache, fever, nausea, and fainting. These sunburn symptoms occur if the sunburn is severe enough
- You probably won’t notice any red marks on your skin immediately after the burn.
Because, it takes a few hours for the reddened skin symptoms to begin to feel. Peak skin redness accompanied by pain will occur within 12-24 hours.
The condition of sunburned skin or sunburn then continues to develop within 24 to 72 hours, and is often followed by peeling of the skin within 3-8 days.
The peeling skin and itching may continue for the next several weeks.
How to treat sunburned skin
You need to understand that there is a danger of excessive sun exposure on your skin.
There are several things that cause sunburn skin. When you get sunburnt, don’t panic.
The key, you have to treat it as soon as possible. Here are some ways to overcome and eliminate sunburn that can be done easily:
1. Apply a cold compress
Basically, sunburn is an inflammation of the skin. So, one way to deal with it is to relieve the burned skin area.
You can compress sunburned skin with a towel that has been soaked in ice water.
In addition, you can also use ice cubes that have been wrapped in a towel or cloth. But remember, do not apply ice cubes directly to your skin.
As an alternative, how to get rid of sunburned skin can be by taking a cold shower. Avoid using soap products containing harsh chemicals to prevent skin irritation from getting worse.
If you are near a swimming pool or the ocean, cool off immediately by submerging yourself in the water for a few seconds. Then, use a cloth to cover the body from the sun and take shelter in the shade.
2. Drink lots of water
How to deal with sunburned skin can also drink lots of water.
When experiencing sunburn, fluids in the body will be attracted to the surface of the skin and eventually evaporate. This condition can lead to lack of fluids or dehydration.
Therefore, it is important to meet the body’s fluid needs. In addition to water, you can also replace the lost electrolytes in your body with other types of drinks, especially sports drinks.
3. Apply aloe vera
Applying aloe vera is also an option for dealing with sunburned facial or body skin immediately. The trick, simply apply fresh aloe vera gel directly from the plant to the sunburn skin area.
However, if there is no aloe vera plant, you can apply pure aloe vera gel product on the skin area of the face and body. Make sure the aloe vera content is as high as possible, yes.
4. Use moisturizing cream
The way to deal with sunburned skin accompanied by peeling skin is to apply moisturizer.
To prevent peeling, you can apply moisturizer regularly on the infected skin area.
However, avoid this way of dealing with sunburn with drugs that contain certain active ingredients, such as benzocaine. The reason is, this active ingredient can cause skin irritation and allergic reactions.
5. Apply hydrocortisone cream
If there are areas of skin that feel sore, you can apply a medication to help relieve sunburn in the form of hydrocortisone cream. You can buy this cream using a doctor’s prescription at the nearest pharmacy.
Apply the cream on sunburned skin three times a day, for three days. Before using it, you can store it in the refrigerator first.
6. Don’t break the blisters
If sunburn or sunburn causes blisters, never squeeze or pop the blisters. This method can actually slow down the healing process and increase the risk of infection.
If the blister accidentally bursts, you can simply clean the wound area with clean water and a mild soap. After that, dry the wound slowly.
When the wound is dry, you can apply an antibiotic ointment to the sunburn area and cover it with a bandage. Make sure you wear a non-stick bandage for easy removal later.
If a rash develops in the burn area after using the topical antibiotic, this cream may not be suitable. Therefore, you should stop using it and consult a doctor immediately.
7. Take painkillers
Pain relievers or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are drugs that can reduce inflammation, swelling, and pain. Ibuprofen and naproxen are examples of these.
Medicines are more effective if taken shortly after sunburn. Eating them can help with discomfort and inflammation.
8. Apply moisturizer on peeling skin
Within a few days, the skin on the sunburned area will begin to peel off so that the damaged skin tissue can be removed. When exfoliating, you should still apply moisturizer to the skin area.
How long does it take for sunburned skin to return to normal?
After doing various ways to get rid of sunburn carefully and regularly, surely you hope that the skin color of your face and body will return to normal.
The skin will return to normal depending on the severity of the sunburn. If sunburn is severe, the longer it takes the body to replace the damaged skin layer.
For example, mild sunburn symptoms usually go away in three to five days. While severe sunburn may take several weeks.
The healing time of the skin may also depend on genetic factors. However, there are other factors as well, such as age and overall health.