Various types of skin diseases

Various types of skin diseases and how to treat them

Finding oddities in the skin is not only new in Indonesia. The skin is arguably the first shield from any direct exposure to the body. So don’t be surprised if there are various types of skin diseases that can appear on this largest organ of the body.

Skin diseases can occur when there are parasites, fungi, viruses, or bacteria that cause infection. Different causes, different symptoms and treatment. In addition, the appearance of changes in the skin can be a sign of an infectious or even dangerous disease. What are the common types of skin diseases?

1. Ringworm

Ringworm is a fungal infection that develops in warm, moist areas of the skin, such as between the toes.

Symptoms of ringworm

  • Scaly, red, raised, circular skin
  • Feeling itchy
  • Infectious diseases

How to treat ringworm

To treat ringworm, you can use an over-the-counter antifungal cream. You should ask your doctor for guidance regarding the type of cream and how long to use the cream is recommended.

Avoid sharing towels, socks or other items with other people, because the fungus that causes ringworm is easily transmitted. In addition, make sure you maintain good body hygiene by bathing twice a day.

2. Chickenpox (varicella zoster)

Chickenpox is a disease caused by a virus and is characterized by the discharge of red, fluid-filled spots on the skin. This disease is more common in children, but can also affect adults. This skin disease is quite contagious especially when the body’s immune is weak.

Symptoms of chickenpox

A collection of red, fluid-filled spots on the skin
Freckles can look like skin blisters
When broken, it causes deep scars
The rash is usually accompanied by a fever
Infectious diseases
In some people who have had chickenpox, the Varicella zoster virus that causes chickenpox can remain in the body even after recovering. The virus can become active again and cause shingles years later.

Slightly different from the symptoms of chickenpox, people with herpes zoster will experience a red, blistered rash on the skin that feels painful. Herpes zoster is different from herpes, which is caused by the herpes simplex virus.

How to treat chickenpox

Both of these diseases can be cured by themselves with treatment at home. Doctors may also recommend antiviral medications or pain relievers to help with healing. You simply consume it regularly until the symptoms disappear.

For healthy skin, cut nails short and try not to scratch. You can also cover the shingles skin rash so it doesn’t rub and make the blisters worse.

Prevention of this disease can be done by immunization. Because chickenpox is contagious and can even spread through the air, sufferers are strongly advised to stay at home until the resilience dries up. The drying process can be very different, about one to two weeks.

3. Herpes simplex

Unlike herpes zoster, herpes is a skin disease caused by the herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) or type 2 (HSV-2). This virus usually attacks the area of ​​​​the mouth, genitals, and rectum which is characterized by the appearance of fluid-filled blisters.

The fluid in the elastic that contains the virus and can infect other people. Transmission of herpes in the mouth can occur through kissing, while herpes in the genitals is spread through sexual intercourse.

You can still infect other people, even if herpes doesn’t cause any symptoms.

Symptoms of herpes

  • Blisters filled with fluid
  • Often appears around the mouth, nose, genital area
  • Infectious diseases

How to treat herpes

There is no cure for herpes completely, but your doctor can prescribe acyclovir or valacyclovir to relieve your symptoms and speed up the healing time. It’s a good idea not to have sex with your partner when you have herpes because it can be transmitted through fluids.

4. Panu

If the patches on the skin look flat (not prominent) and are lighter in color or even darker than the skin color, this may be a skin disease. Panu is caused by a fungal infection. Although not contagious, tinea versicolor can continue to widen if left unattended so that it interferes with appearance.

Symptoms of skin disease

  • Tiny patches of different color to the skin
  • Some parts may feel itchy
  • Not contagious
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How to treat tinea versicolor

Thrush can be treated at home with over-the-counter antifungal creams. If the tinea versicolor is severe enough, the doctor can also prescribe medication to treat this skin disease.

5. Eczema

This skin disease is triggered by an allergy or irritation to certain ingredients, which then causes inflammation of the skin. The main symptom of eczema is red, itchy, and dry skin.

There are several types of eczema that can occur in children and adults, including eczema or atopic dermatitis and contact dermatitis.

Symptoms of eczema

Eczema causes red cheeks in babies

  • Dry and red skin
  • Common on hands, feet, cheeks
  • Not contagious

How to treat eczema

Eczema is a skin disease that occurs repeatedly so your main focus should be on identifying the triggers for this skin inflammation. If the skin starts to dry and itchy, you can immediately apply a moisturizer. In cases of eczema that are severe enough, doctors can prescribe medications, which are usually steroid creams.

6. Hives

Hives rash looks like itchy red bumps. This skin disease, also known as urticaria, can be triggered by many things, one of which is due to allergic reactions such as weather or dust.

Here are some of the symptoms of hives that can occur:

  • Itchy bumps
  • The size and shape of the bumps can vary.

Hives will go away on their own, but you can help reduce itching by applying a cold compress. If hives occur frequently and interfere with activities, your doctor may prescribe an antihistamine or anti-inflammatory medication.

7. Impetigo

This infectious skin disease mostly affects children, especially in the face and hands area. The impetigo lesions are initially red and moist, then form a yellowish crust.

Impetigo is contagious when touched, either directly touched or when the fluid sticks to objects such as clothes or children’s toys.

Symptoms of impetigo skin disease

Skin conditions with impetigo

  • Often appears on the nose, mouth, hands, feet
  • Looks like boils and red sores
  • Infectious diseases

How to treat impetigo

This condition can be treated by applying an antibiotic drug which is usually in the form of a cream.

8. Boils

This skin disease is very common and can appear in various areas of the skin. Boils are caused by infection with Staphylococcus aureus bacteria. Red bumps on boils can be painful and enlarge when pus forms in them.

Symptoms of boils

  • Boils look red and are painful
  • White or yellow boils will grow ‘eyes’
  • Can be transmitted by the fluid that comes out of it

How to treat boils

Boils can usually be treated at home by applying a warm compress. If the boil bursts, cover the boil with gauze to prevent the infection from spreading.

9. MRSA (Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus)

This skin disease is caused by infection with the bacterium Staphylococcus aureus and causes the appearance of small, swollen, inflamed, fluid-filled blisters. The difference between MRSA and ordinary boils is that this disease is resistant to antibiotics that are usually given by doctors. MRSA is highly contagious and can spread to all parts of the body quickly.

Symptoms of MRSA skin disease

  • Red swelling which then turns into an abscess
  • Feeling hot and sick
  • Infectious diseases

How to treat MRSA

Although caused by bacteria, not all antibiotics can cure this disease. Follow the doctor’s instructions for treatment.

To avoid transmitting it to others, you must maintain personal hygiene by always washing your hands, covering the lesions, and not sharing personal items such as towels.

10. Scabies or scabies

Scabies is caused by skin lice that are on the outermost layer of the skin, causing the appearance of a kind of itchy pimple. These lice can be transmitted to other people through direct contact or through clothing or other objects.

Symptoms of scabies skin disease

  • Typical symptoms are intense itching, especially at night
  • Red rash like pimples
  • Infectious diseases
  • There are many groups of people living together, for example: dormitories, barracks, refugee camps

Scabies treatment

If you suffer from this disease, consult a doctor. Treatment of scabies may take 4 weeks or more, and is recommended to be carried out simultaneously on the patient and the person living in the household.

11. Melanoma skin cancer

Moles that change shape, color, or size need to be immediately consulted by a doctor, because it is one of the symptoms of melanoma. Excessive exposure to UV rays can cause this disease.

Symptoms of melanoma skin cancer

  • The shape of the mole is asymmetrical and has unclear borders
  • There is a change in shape or color
  • Not contagious

How to treat melanoma skin cancer

Early detection of melanoma skin cancer is essential for effective treatment. Treatments that can be recommended by doctors include surgical removal of melanoma and chemotherapy.