Pubic itching, in both women and men, can be caused by a variety of conditions. The most common causes of itching in the genitals are fungal infections and irritation.
Most itching due to irritation or infection can heal on its own but other causes of itching can also require other, more intensive treatment because it can include symptoms of certain diseases.
If you are worried about itching in the genital area, especially this condition that does not go away, you should talk to your doctor so you can get the right treatment. Find out what can cause itchy pubic area and how to treat it in the following article.
Causes of itching in the genitals
There are many causes of itching in the vagina and penis. Here are some of them:
1. Fungal infection
Itching of the genitals can occur due to a yeast infection Candida Albicans. Under normal conditions, this fungus lives in the vagina and various places in the body. Fungal infections will thrive in a humid environment.
Symptoms of fungal infections will vary, can be mild symptoms to severe symptoms. Infections caused by fungi are complained of in the form of itching and burning in the genitals. In women, vaginal discharge appears with a grayish and green consistency
Meanwhile, itching due to fungus can also appear in the groin so that it can trigger irritation and intense itching in the pubic area. Fungal infections are not STDs, but partners can be infected, so it’s best to use protection such as condoms during sex
Fungal infections can be spread from sharing towels, clothing, or through close contact with other people. Even so, it is quite easy to treat and cure itching due to this fungus with antifungal drugs.
Itching of the genitals can also be triggered by irritation. The causes of irritation that trigger itching in the genitals are allergies to certain fabrics, chemicals, lotions, lubricants, and soaps.
It’s a good idea to read and review the ingredients of any new skin care product before you start using it. In women, natural fluids such as semen can cause itching of the genitals.
Irritation of the skin can also occur from sweating and from tight clothing.
3. Burns from razors
If you regularly shave your pubic area, you may experience razor burns or ingrown hairs.
Naturally, both can be itchy and irritating. Trimming hair in this area can cause irritation, which can be worse if a person shaves too quickly or uses a dull razor.
Razor burns usually appear as a red area of skin, along with a red bump that is tender and itchy.
However, it should be noted that razor burns and ingrown hairs can bear a striking resemblance to the symptoms of certain sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).
4. Pubic lice
Genital lice (Pediculosis pubis) are also referred to as crab lice, because when viewed microscopically they resemble crabs. Genital lice are parasitic insects that are often found in the human genital area.
When the genitals are exposed to lice, it can cause itching, irritation, and red bumps in the pubic area.
In addition to lice, genital itching is also caused by small mites that hide under the skin and lay eggs, or this condition is called scabies. This skin irritation is characterized by small red bumps.
Pubic lice and scabies can be annoying and can be transmitted as a result of sexual contact, but they are not technically STDs.
5. Skin condition
A number of skin conditions can also cause itching of the penis or vagina. This condition is not PMS, but it may appear that way in the form of itchy red bumps on the body.
Women and men with itchy genitals may experience one or more of the following conditions, including:
- Eczema (atopic dermatitis).
- Lichen sclerosus.
- Tinea cruris (crotch itching)
6. Sexually Transmitted Diseases
STDs such as chlamydia and gonorrhea often cause itching, burning, or a burning sensation in the vagina or penis. However, HPV and herpes also cause the appearance of small itchy bumps in the pubic area.
In addition, PMS symptoms may also come and go. So, never assume that you are cured of PMS just because the symptoms have gone.
7. Chronic conditions in the area around the genitals
Although rare, a number of chronic conditions can also cause genital itching. The following are some chronic conditions that cause itching in the genital area:
- Paget’s Extramammary Disease (EMPD) is a condition associated with an underlying cancer. It is characterized by a chronic skin rash around the genital area, which hurts or bleeds when scratched. EMPD can affect both men and women, but is most common in women ages 50 to 60.
- Vulvar cancer that attacks the outer surface of the vagina. This disease is characterized by itching accompanied by pain and abnormal bleeding in the vagina.
- Some types of skin cancer can cause itching in the groin, penis or vulva. In addition, itching from skin cancer can also cause thick red patches, the skin to ooze or dry out, and may be more sensitive or prone to bleeding.
Factors that aggravate itching in the genitals
Itching in the genitals can heal or get worse. Here are some factors that MIKA Friends must avoid if you don’t want the itching to get worse:
- Wearing tight underwear.
- Perform unnecessary cleaning.
- Use of drugs that are not according to prescription
- Other conditions that trigger such as menopause, stress, pregnancy, and obesity.
- Immune Disease
- Diabetes mellitus
- Malignancy like HIV
- People who do organ transplants
How to treat itching on the genitals
When the genital area, both penis and vagina itches, it is very important to maintain genital hygiene. You can do a number of ways to treat it, namely:
- Try to wash the vagina using running water. After urinating or defecating, wipe from front to back to prevent bacteria from the anus from entering the vagina .
- Avoid chemical products such as vaginal douches or feminine hygiene sprays, which can upset the vaginal acid balance.
- Avoid scented feminine hygiene products in panty liners, sanitary napkins, and soaps.
- While in men wash the penis well, including the area under the foreskin in uncircumcised men. Keep the area dry, as moisture in the genital area can cause infection.
- Live a healthy lifestyle by eating nutritious foods and exercising regularly.
- Get enough rest
- Avoid casual sex or have unprotected sex, especially if you are concerned that you or your partner may have an infection.
- Avoid overuse of antibiotics
- Men should take the following steps to help avoid genital itching:
Wear loose, natural fiber clothing and underwear. Change underwear at least every 24 hours.
- Dry thoroughly after bathing and swimming. Avoid staying in wet clothes for a long time.
Itching in the genitals that feels annoying should be consulted with a Dermatologist and Sex Specialist. Before knowing the right treatment, the doctor will check for skin color, changes in skin texture, and surface abnormalities (dryness and scaling) in the genital area.